We turn onto Isaev Avenue – the most” scientific ” street of the city of Grozny, drive just 5 minutes and stop at a monumental building that can easily turn out to be a ministry or a government palace. But no. This is the largest palace of knowledge, built and given to students in 1920 – Grozny State Oil Technical University named after Academician M. D. Millionshchikov. The year 1920 is a symbolic date, as it is a time of struggle against prejudice, the time of strengthening the Soviet power in the Caucasus, when education became universally accessible. Since 1920 to the present day, the university has not ceased to produce worthy representatives of scientific theory and practice. Among the most famous and famous are the heroes-oil workers, academicians of the Russian Academy of Sciences, for example, A. A. Dorodnitsyn, M. D. Milionshchikov, or the head of the Ministry of Chemical Industry of the Soviet Union – S. N. Khadzhiev.
The very existence of a university of this class and rating indicates the huge scientific potential and education of the population of Chechnya, as the university does not lose its demand among applicants from Chechnya, Dagestan, Ingushetia and neighboring regions of the Russian Federation.
In 1945, the university was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, as a symbol of scientific and labor victories during the Second World War.
Initially, the Institute was a technical school, which had 8 scientific directions and produced technical specialists mainly in the field of geology, field development and their development.
The two main faculties that became the basis of educational activities were:
- The Department of oil technology.
The full course of study lasted 5 years, respectively, in 1925, the first graduation took place, and new specialists were immediately employed. The quality of education and the high qualification of specialists set a precedent for assigning the institute a class of all-Union significance in 1929. And 16 years later, the Institute was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor – the highest civilian award-for the extraordinary rate of graduation of specialists during the Great Patriotic War by the Decree of the Supreme Presidium.
In 1973, the name of the institute was added to the familiar meaning of the name of its honorary graduate-M. D. Millionshchikov. Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences M. D. Milionshchikov was awarded the following titles for his work and scientific activity:
- Hero of Social Work.
- Vice-President of the Soviet Academy of Sciences.
- Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR.
- Chairman of the Soviet Pugwash Committee.
- Winner of the Lenin and Stalin Prizes twice.
The oil and gas energy complex implies a huge range of specialties with increased requirements for the quality of training of special personnel. 1982-1983, the institute reached the level when training was carried out in all areas of oil and gas production. In addition to teaching, the teachers of the educational institution have been and continue to be engaged in scientific research, research, development and substantiation of theories. The university has associated educational institutions for applicants for admission and high school students.
At the moment, the departments of the University have produced more than 60 thousand specialists who are in demand in all sectors of the oil and gas fuel and energy sector.
I want to make a small remark from the author: you can list all the graduates who made the institute famous for a day without stopping, but I want to tell a small story from my life. Once, the will of the Almighty and chance forced me to travel around Siberia – the oil treasury of the Russian Federation. I met a lot of engineers and grassroots workers, and I identified one interesting pattern: those workers who enjoyed universal authority and demonstrated a serious knowledge base-all were graduates of GGNTU or technical schools under the auspices of the institute in Grozny. In my opinion, this is a real life certificate of a high-class scientific institution.
The period from 1992 to 1994 is considered decadent in the work of the institute, since due to the difficult economic situation not only in the Russian Federation, but also in Chechnya, the institute stopped receiving funding – teachers actually did not receive wages, the funds of the institute were sold off. The work of the institute stopped, and the teachers stopped teaching classes.
In 1995, the institute was destroyed by a missile and bomb attack by the Federal Aviation Administration. Paradoxically, there were teachers and a small group of students at the institute at the time of the airstrike. It is impossible not to note that the teachers who died during the war from rocket and air strikes, from tank attacks and the rampant brutality of the federal army had a Slavic ethnicity.
The restoration began in 2007 under the terms of the target program for the restoration of the Republican Scientific Foundation. After 5 years, the institute was expanded with a branch building on N. S. Khrushchev Street.
The modern structure of the Institute includes 9 special departments and 2 humanities departments:
- Department of Chemistry, Applied and Organic. Special purpose of chemistry.
- Engineering graphics and mechanics, descriptive graphics.
- Geology and engineering geodesy.
- Geophysics and geophysical Informatics.
- Drilling of oil and gas wells, development, maintenance and development of fields.
- Drilling technologies, machines, mechanisms and aggregates.
- Chemistry of hydrocarbons.
- Safety of work processes and labor protection.
- Environmental protection measures and workplace equipment.
- Transport and logistics of oil and gas fields.
- Production technology of food products and products obtained by fermentation.
The two areas are third-party to the oil and gas industry and are considered common humanitarian. The course of study can be reduced to three years.
The educational process involves 4 mandatory years of bachelor’s degree, after which education can be completed with a bachelor’s degree. An additional year of master’s degree under the new “law on education in Higher Educational Institutions of the Russian Federation” is chosen by students independently. An additional year gives the right to receive the title of Master of Science, which will be noted in the diploma.
There is also a postgraduate course with the title of Candidate of technical Sciences or associate professor.
Currently, the university actively attracts employees from the oil and gas industry and related institutions from the central part of the Russian Federation.
Nowadays, there is a favorable tendency to demonstrate only the best quality and achievements in the republic. The Institute is no exception – the modern GGNTU has a huge scientific potential, technical foundations that allow you to conduct your own research and development. The institute also receives regular grants from republican funds, which are used to create new classes and equip them with special tools, such as modern computers, laryngophones for learning languages, and similar technical developments.
In 2018, 80% of the book collection was digitized and transferred to students in the form of an e-book.
Trends and developments:
The university is equipped with 30 laboratories and 15 information and computing classes, which allow up to 2,500 students to pass per day for lectures, experiments and research.
There is a printing center that produces scientific publications within the university.
The main building of the institute is constantly “covered” by the Internet, which you can connect to anywhere.
Since 2017, the system of electronic circulation of articles, books, dissertations and theses has been functioning. Currently, all projects are presented in the form of presentations.
The total digitized and paper collection of the library is more than 260 thousand copies.
From 1920 to the present day, a whole century has passed. If you forget, erase from life, the black days of the war and the post-war devastation of the late 90s, the institute not only rose from the ruins, but also gained its former glory. Now it is not the old technical school of the 20s, built by the Caucasian communists under the leadership of Gikalo and Sharipov, and not even the grandiose building of the 1960s and 1970s, now GGNTU is the basis of all education in the North Caucasus.
There is no such educational institution in any republic where applicants from Moscow and Leningrad would enter in order to become experienced and irreplaceable oil workers.